Democratic Primary is Tuesday, June 12th, 2018
* Only in Congressional Districts where more than one Democratic candidate files
General Election is Tuesday, November 6th, 2018, for U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.
Click here to learn about candidates
Message from Sue Langley
Many Virginia voters qualify to vote before Election Day (called in-person absentee voting). There is no need to apply in advance. Just show up at your Early Voting Location (see below), be ready to state the last four digits of your Social Security Number, and select the code for the reason that qualifies you to vote early.
Select the code which qualifies you to vote early.
Here are reasons with their codes which most voters use to qualify:
- Personal Business or Work on Election Day: On Election Day, you plan to be outside your county/city of residence for any period of time for
- Work or business(Code 1C), or for
- Any personal reason (Code 1D) such as an errand, appointment, meeting, date, class, lesson or vacation, etc.
- Even if you don’t leave your county/city of residence, but if your combined time working plus commuting between 6am and 7pm is at least 11 hours, then use can use Code 1E.
- College Student, Active Military or First Responder:
- You or your spouse attend a college or universityoutside your county/city of residence (Code 1A/1B),
- You are active duty militaryor merchant marine (Code 6A) or a spouse/dependent living with an active duty military or merchant marine person (Code 6B), or
- You are a First Responder(Code 1F)
- Disabled/ill, Caregiver or Pregnant:
- You are disabled, ill or have difficulty standing in line (Code 2A),
- You are the primary care-giver for a disabled or ill family member at home (Code 2B), or
- You are pregnant (Code 2C).
Absentee Voting (by mail)
(online applications are automatically received by the Office of Elections)
Call the Fairfax County Office of Elections if you need further assistance: (703) 222-0776
If you haven’t voted absentee by mail before, please read the following instructions to determine if this is the best option for you:
This section explains how to apply for an Absentee (by mail) Ballot, which must be filled out precisely according to detailed instructions, signed by you and by a witness (as well as by any person providing voter assistance), mailed in the correct envelope with the proper postage and received by the registrar’s office no later than 7pm of Election Day.
Even small mistakes could invalidate your ballot. So we can’t overemphasize how important it is to carefully follow the detailed instructions.
An alternative for many voters is Early Voting in person (technically called “Absentee in-person voting”), where trained election personnel at Early Voting Locations can guide you through the process to make sure your vote counts. For details, click on Early Voting in person, featured in the “Contents” on this Voting section of the webpage, just above “Absentee Voting by Mail.”
If your intention is to Vote Early in-Person at an Early Voting Location, DO NOT SEND in a request for an Absentee Ballot Application, as it is sent in for mail-in ballots only. Once a mail-in ballot is requested, the voter must vote in this manner.
If you later change your mind and wish to vote in person, you can. Here’s how: bring your absentee ballot to the polling place where they will replace it with a regular ballot. Or, you may vote a provisional ballot, which will be counted once it’s confirmed that you did not vote your absentee ballot.
Absentee Voting by mail is especially useful for those who
- Plan to be out of town for an extended period of time,
- Are likely unable to vote in person (early or on Election Day),
- Are college students (or their spouses) who do not plan to return to their city/county of registration before Election Day, or
- Voters without a valid photo ID, but who have voted in other Virginia elections. (No photo ID is required when voting by mail except for first-time Virginia voters.)
You must complete the following four steps to Vote Absentee by Mail:
- Register to Vote or Update your Registration with your current address or Make any Corrections to your Registration
- Qualify to vote absentee by selecting from among 19 reasons, with codes,
- Complete the Absentee (by mail) Ballot,
- Carefully follow the 14-step process to cast your absentee ballot.
1. Register to Vote or Update your Registration with your current address or Make any Corrections to your Registration
Click on the blue “Register to Vote or Update your Voter Registration Online” button on this Voting Webpage. Registering or updating one’s registration must be completed 22 days before the election.
In addition to clicking on “I want to update my voter registration,” which will enable you to update your address or name on your voter registration, you will also be offered the option to click on, “I want to apply for absentee voting.” We recommend you do not click on this button, as it forces the voter to wade through 11 additional screens merely to request a mail-in ballot.
Instead, we suggest you read the two other options we offer in Step 3 further for easier, time-saving ways to request your Absentee (by mail) Ballot.
If your intention is to Vote Early in-person at an Early Voting Location, DO NOT SEND in a request for an Absentee Ballot Application, as this request is to be sent in for mail-in ballots only.
2. Qualify to Vote Absentee by Selecting Among 19 Reasons, with Codes
Here are the 19 reasons Virginians must use to qualify to vote before Election Day, together with any supporting information required.
Code 1A: Student attending college or university outside of locality of Virginia residence (name of college or university),
Code 1B: Spouse of student attending college or university outside locality of Virginia residence (name of college or university),
Code 1C: Business outside County/City of residence on Election Day (name of employer or business).
Code 1D: Personal business or vacation outside County/City of residence on Election Day (place of travel: Virginia county/city, or state or country),
Code 1E: I am working and commuting to/from home for 11 or more hours between 6am and 7pm on Election Day (if you leave your city/county of residence, use Code 1C), provide name of employer or business and Election Day hours of working and commuting (AM to PM)
Code 1F: I am a first responder (member of law enforcement, fire fighter, emergency technician, search and rescue),
Code 2A: My disability or illness,
Code 2B: I am primarily and personally responsible for the care of a disabled/ill family member confined at home (family relationship),
Code 2C: My pregnancy,
Code 3A: Confined, awaiting trial (name of institution),
Code 3B: Confined, convicted of a misdemeanor (name of institution),
Code 4A: An electoral board member, registrar, officer of election, or custodian of voting equipment,
Code 5A: I have a religious obligation,
Code 6A: Active Duty Merchant Marine or Armed Forces (branch of service),
Code 6B: Spouse or dependent living with a member of 6A (branch of service),
Code 6C: Temporarily residing outside the US, (enter your last date of residency at your Virginia voting residence only if you have given up that address permanently or have no intent to return),
Code 6D: Temporarily residing outside of US for employment, or spouse or dependent residing with employee (name of business or employer),
Code 7A: Requesting a ballot for presidential and vice-presidential electors only (Ballots for other offices/issues will not be sent),
Code 8A: Authorized representative of candidate or party serving inside the polling place.
3. Complete your Absentee (Mail-in) Ballot
Once you have identified the reason and code which qualify you to Vote Absentee, and you wish to vote by mail rather than in person, you must apply for an Absentee Ballot.
As indicated earlier, the www.vote.virginia.gov site provides an opportunity for you to click on “I want to apply for absentee voting,” but it requires you to click through 11 screens to do so, which is laborious and time consuming. We recommend you consider the two methods we offer below, as they are easier and will save you time.
- Click here to apply for your Absentee Ballot online; this one-page online application is received by the registrar’s office immediately.
- Print your Absentee Ballot Application by clicking here or pick up an Absentee Ballot Application from your library or local government office and follow the instructions to submit it.
On the application, you must:
- Specify for which election you request a mail-in ballot.
- Provide two addresses: your residence and the address where the mail-in ballot is to be delivered. NOTE: The ballot may not be sent to the voter in care of another person.
- Select your code for the reason that qualifies you to vote absentee, providing any supporting information requested.
- Send in your paper application to the address on the form by mail (allow 5 days if using U.S. Mail), via FAX or as an email attachment to your local Voter Registration Office.
- For Fairfax County, FAX to 703-324-3725 or email to email@example.com.
- Click here for contact information for other nearby cities/counties: elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation/PublicContactLookup.
The last day your mail-in ballot application can be received by your Office of Elections is 5pm on the Tuesday before the election (if provided in-person to your Registrar’s office, but arrive earlier so that the application can be completed by end of business), or by 11:59pm if submitted online.
Your Absentee Ballot Application can be sent to the registrar’s office up to one year before the date of the election for which you seek a mail-in ballot.
Ballots are sent to voters beginning 45 days before Election Day. If your application is received by the registrar after this date, you can expect to receive your ballot about 1-2 weeks later.
4. Cast your Absentee (Mail-in) Ballot
Follow instructions precisely so your Absentee Ballot will not be rejected as invalid. Inside the envelope, there are (English only) instructions, a separate A envelope containing the ballot, a B envelope used for inserting the completed ballot, and the return envelope which is pre-addressed to your Registrar’s office.
The 13 steps to completing your ballot follow:
- A witness (friend or family member) is required before opening the A envelope containing the ballot,
- Follow the 4 pages of instructions carefully.
- If requested with the application, there will be a separate Assistance Form to complete with a separate set of instructions. This Assistance Form must be completed and returned to the Registrar along with the completed ballot. (Assistance can be used with or without this extra form should the voter need it. But if requested initially, then the form must be completed and returned with the ballot.)
- Fill in the circles on the ballot completely with a blue or black pen. Do not use an “X”.
- Complete the outside of envelope B.
- Sign Envelope B, have your witness sign it, and any assistant sign it, and date it for when you have completed the ballot.
- Insert your completed ballot into envelope B.
- Seal the B envelope completely.
- Insert the B envelope into the return envelope.
- Add a copy of your valid voter photo ID, as it might be required if this is the first time you are voting in Virginia (see the information below Step 13 on the exceptions to first-time voters having to vote in person).
- Seal the outer envelope.
- Affix a first class stamp if using the US postal service, or send via some other delivery service with any fees prepaid
- The completed ballot must arrive before 7pm of Election Day. Or, bring the completed ballot in to the register’s office yourself (no one else can do this for you.)
Notice to voters using US mail service: The USPS delivery standards have changed. First Class delivery now takes 2-5 days. Please consider this as you vote absentee by mail.
Generally, first-time voters must vote in person with the following exceptions:
- A voter with disabilities
- College students
- Full-time caregivers of disabled/ill family member
- Active Duty Merchant or spouse/dependent, or those temporarily residing outside the US.
Absentee ballots count! You can rest assured that properly completed absentee ballots are valid and counted just like any other ballot; they are counted on Election Day.
You can check the status of your Absentee (by mail) Application online at www.vote.virginia.gov.
High School Student Voting
High school students can register to vote if 18 years of age by the next General Election. So, for 2018, if the student will be 18 by November 6, 2018, we suggest they register to vote before May 22, 2018, in time to vote in the June primaries. And, yes, these students can actually cast their ballot for the June 12 primary (even though they might still be 17 years of age.) Better yet, the student can vote before the June 12 primary Election Date if they qualify to do so. See Early Voting page.
Then, if the high schooler changes residences later in the year (if they relocate for college for example), the voter registration can be updated to a different voting residence if desired. Read below for further details.
College Student Voting
College students have a choice about where, when, and how they vote in Virginia elections. The decision usually hinges on which college or university will be attended, and how far away from “home” the student will be.
“WHERE IS MY ‘RESIDENCE’ ”?
Virginia’s guidelines state that a college student resides for voting purposes where they consider to be living for an indefinite period of time. The intention can change for any reason, at any time. It’s the student’s choice. People can choose as their residence for voting purposes “where they rest their head at night”.
This choice of residence for voting purposes in Virginia has no bearing on taxes, tuition, scholarship, or driver’s license. Such legal terms as domicile or residence do not relate to the college student’s choice of “voting residence”.
But a college student can have only one voting residence for a given election. The residence of record as of 22 days before Election Day (May 22 for Primaries, Oct 16, 2018 for the General Election (the last day to register before the upcoming election) determines one’s polling location.
Register or update your voter registration for any change to your voting residence at www.vote.virginia.gov.
Here are some options for establishing a residence for voting purposes:
- Students living on campus at George Mason, James Madison, Virginia Tech, or the University of Virginia can choose their campus mailing address as their voting residence. These universities have polling locations on campus, so transportation is not a concern. Polls are open 6am to 7pm.
- GMU students living on campus use their mailing address as their voting residence: 4450 Rivanna River Way, Fairfax Va, 22030.
- VTech students living on campus use their Residential Hall address: Hall, Room #, Street Address, Blacksburg, Va, 24061-XXXX (last 4 are specific to the building) as their voting residence.
- JMU students living on campus (not Grace Street apartments) use their mailing address as their voting residence: 800 South Main St., PO Box XXX, Name of Residence Hall, Harrisonburg, Va, 22807
- UVA students living on campus use their mailing address as their voting residence. Depending on the student’s residential hall address, some UVA students vote on campus, others vote at a nearby elementary school
- Students living off campus can choose this off-campus address as their voting residence.
- Any student can choose their “home” address as their voting residence even if they are temporarily living at or close to their college.
- Students attending college outside of Virginia can use their “home” address as their voting residence for voting in the Virginia elections. They can vote early in-person, or absentee-by-mail. If these students choose the voting residence to be outside of Virginia, the voting requirements should be scrutinized bot that particular state. Election laws are state laws.
Some considerations to help you choose.
- The most important thing is to vote – so choose that voting residence which is most conducive to voting – be it for convenience, ease, or time required.
- Election Day is on a Tuesday, when school is in session, papers are due, and exams are scheduled.
- Consider the distance and transportation to your polling location. November weather conditions can make transportation difficult.
- On-campus polling locations are within walking distance, and you can vote with friends.
- Students can return “home” to vote before Election Day (in-person absentee) as early as 45 days before the June 12 Primary (April 22) or the November general election (Sept 21). Typically, early voting is available over the Fall Break. See listing of dates, times, and locations on the Early Voting page.
- Consider who’s name will be on your ballot. In 2018, US Senator Tim Kaine is up for election, and will appear on every Virginian’s ballot. (Virginia’s other senator, Mark Warner, will be on the 2020 ballot.)
- Virginia has 11 US Representatives, each elected from 11 Virginia Congressional Districts. Your choice of voting residence might affect which US Representative will be on the ballot. Decide which US Representative needs your vote more.
- Keep in mind: political races are literally won or lost by one vote. In the 2017 elections, the entire balance of power of the Virginia House of Delegates was determined by one name pulled out of a bowl. One vote out of 2,600,000 votes made the difference
VOTING BEFORE ELECTION DAY
Follow these steps to vote early in-person.
Step #1 Choose your qualifying code. Virginia voting laws require a qualifying reason to vote early. Students can qualify for early voting with Code 1A/Spouse 1B if they attend school outside their city/county of residence. To vote before Election Day, students might return “home” to vote early.
Remember that there are some Saturdays and evenings when early voting is available. See the complete listing of qualifying reasons on the Early Voting page on this website.
Step #2 Bring a friend or family member with you — so everyone might benefit from early voting.
Step #3 Determine when and where you will vote early in-person. Just show up at your early voting government center. No advance paperwork necessary. Many students return “home” to vote early on the Saturday of Fall Break.
See the Early Voting page on this website for the complete listing of these early voting locations and times.
Step #4 Bring your photo ID. Virginia College Student Photo ID or your Virginia driver’s license is OK. Also bring the last 4 digits of your social security number.
Step #5 Pick up a sample ballot from the poll workers outside when you vote.
Step #6 VOTE!!!
Follow these steps to vote absentee by mail:
(We strongly recommend that you choose early (in-person) instead of voting by mail. Mailed ballots are sometimes not received, or they lost, or not returned in time to count. Casting one’s vote by mail is complicated – so please pay careful attention to instructions if you choose to vote in this manner.)
Step #1 After you have physically moved to college, request your mail-in ballot.
- Go to www.democraticabsentee.com to apply for your absentee ballot online. The last day you can request an absentee-by-mail ballot online is 7 days before Election Day (11:59pm June 6 for the Primary, Oct 31 for the General Election in 2018.) We strongly recommend that any absentee-by-mail ballot be requested at least 11 days before Election Day.
- Or download an application from this website on the Absentee-by-Mail page, and print an application.
- The completed paper application for an absentee-by-mail ballot must be received by the government office by 5pm of the November 6, 2018. (The US Post Office suggests allowing 2-9 days for first class mail delivery.)
Step #2 Ballots are sent to voters about one week after the absentee voting applications are received by the registrar, starting in September about 45 days before Election Day. Check the status of your absentee applications and ballots at www.vote.virginia.gov.
Step #3 Complete the ballot following the instructions (See detailed instructions on the Absentee-by-Mail page) so it is received by registrar’s office via US Mail by 7pm November 6th. The US Post Office suggests allowing 2-9 days for first class delivery.
- If this is the first time you will be voting, and have chosen to vote by mail, you are required to include a copy of your Voter Photo ID (a Virginia student photo ID) or your Virginia driver’s license with your ballot. Include it inside the return Envelope A, as per the instructions included with your ballot.
- See all other instructions for voting by mail at the Absentee Voting by Mail page on this website.
Congratulations. Using these guidelines, you will have successfully voted!
Whether you are elderly, disabled, or need any help at all the polls, there are voting options which might suit your needs. “We want every citizen to vote.”
- If you require assistance when voting, Reason Code 2A (your disability or illness or simply having difficulty standing in line) can qualify you to vote early.
- Vote with a companion of your choice: Anyone–a child, non-citizen, relative, or friend–can help you. The only exceptions: your employer or union official.
- Ask for help from poll-workers and Election Officers with how to use the voting machines or to answer other questions you might have.
- Polling locations in Virginia are compliant with ADA requirements. The Americans Disability Act requires that voting be made accessible to those who might have difficulty navigating the terrain or of being able to cast their ballot. (If you find the polling station to be inaccessible in any way, please report this problem to the Election Officer.)
- Privacy is a priority: Every voting facility has an accessible voting booth and machine to help ensure that the voter with any disability can cast a vote with privacy and independence.
Early Voting In-Person might be easier for you. You can pick a time and day which is convenient, parking spaces will be plentiful, and lines will be shorter. (For more information, go to our “Early Voting” section on this page.)
Curbside Voting–either during early voting times or on Election Day — allows a driver or passenger to vote without leaving the vehicle. Curbside voting is available for those with disabilities or those over the age of 65. Simply park is the space reserved and marked for this purpose. Then call the cell phone number written on the “Curbside Voting” sign to request assistance from an Election Officer or poll worker. Or a friend or companion can leave the vehicle and ask for assistance.
TIP: Take a cell phone with you so that you can call for assistance.
TIP: Bring a friend or relative to help you.
TIP: Request a sample ballot and any other literature you would like to see before voting.
Absentee Voting BY-MAIL—Voters can also vote by mail. To read more about this, scroll up to our “Absentee Voting by Mail” section on this page.
Vote with a companion who might offer you language assistance.
Fairfax County Office of Elections prints voting-related materials in English, Spanish, Korean and Vietnamese. But voters can bring in their own language-assistance helper if desired.
All Virginia voters are required to show a photo ID. Acceptable photo IDs include any one of the following:
- Valid* Virginia Driver’s License or DMV Identification Card
- Valid Virginia DMV-issued Veteran’s ID card
- Valid United States Passport or Passport Card
- Other government-issued photo identification cards (must be issued by US Government, the Commonwealth of Virginia, or a political subdivision of the Commonwealth, such as county, city, or town).
- Valid Virginia student photo ID from a private or public high school, college or university (or other institution of higher learning) located in Virginia
- Employee identification card containing a photograph of the voter and issued by an employer of the voter in the ordinary course of the employer’s business
- or a Virginia Voter Photo ID Card obtained through any local general registrar’s office
*Valid IDs must not be expired for more than 12 months at the time of use.
If you are a registered voter and don’t have any of the above ID’s, you can get a FREE photo ID at: 1) the Fairfax County Office of Elections (12000 Government Center Parkway, Suite 323, Fairfax, VA 22035) during normal office hours, M-F 8 am – 4:30 pm, or 2) any satellite early voting locations when they are open for early (in-person absentee) voting. If you qualify to vote early, you can do both on the same trip. The process is easy, you just affirm your identity, and that you have no other photo ID — that’s it!
If you need a ride to get a voter photo ID, call our office at (703) 573-6811 during normal business hours and we will be happy to assist you.
If you are not able to get a valid ID or if you forget to bring your ID to the polls GO VOTE, and we can help you get an ID by the deadline so that your provisional ballot counts.
You may register to vote year-round except during the 21 days prior to a General or Primary election, 6 days prior to a Special election, or 6 days prior to a Special election called by the Governor (Code of Virginia 24.2-416).
- Verify that you are registered to vote, click here.
- Paper voter registration application, download
- Formulario en Español (Spanish voter registration application)
- Register to vote online
Office of Elections In Person Registration, or Mail Application To
- M-F 8:00 am – 4:30 pm at the:
- Fairfax County Office of Elections, Suite 323
Fairfax County Governmental Center
12000 Government Center Parkway
Fairfax, VA 22035
- Fairfax County Office of Elections, Suite 323
FIRST TIME VOTERS who have mailed in their registration must vote in person (early or on Election Day), or submit a copy of their valid photo ID with their mail-in absentee ballot application per Virginia law.
In 2016, Governor Terry McAuliffe signed an executive order restoring voting rights to all Virginians who had felony convictions and who had completed their sentences and supervised probation or parole. The Supreme Court of Virginia overturned this, but Governor McAuliffe is signing individual orders for each ex-offender.
Governor McAuliffe has restored the rights of the 13,000 voters whose rights were overturned by the State Supreme Court. Following that, he is signing the individual orders for the rest of the 206,000 ex-offenders.
If you’d like your restoration of rights to be expedited, click here to fill out the request form.
Click here to read the Restoration of Rights Policy (August 22nd, 2016)
We can help you with getting the right information to ensure that your rights are restored.
ELECTION YEAR GUIDELINES
- Virginia has a General Election every year on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November
- Federal offices are elected in even-numbered years
- State and Local offices are elected in odd-numbered years
- If primaries are called by the political parties, they are held on the second Tuesday in June
History: Why it is the day it is.
Election Day (the day that United States citizens cast their ballot to elect government officials) is the Tuesday on or after November 2nd.
- November was selected because the harvest work was done.
- Tuesday was selected because many people had to travel the day before to reach the polling place. Since most people did not travel on Sunday for religious reasons, they did not want it to be on a Monday.
- Election Day was not to fall on November 1st because it is All Saints Day.
- Election Day was not to fall on the first of the month because many shop keepers did their books for the preceding month on the first.
Lyndon Johnson called the right to vote, “the most powerful tool ever devised by man to break down the walls of injustice.” Voting is your fundamental right as an American, and the most basic means by which you have a voice in how your government works. Voting determines who will represent you, your family, and your neighbors in your community, your state, and your country. We need your help to get everyone registered to vote and to make sure every vote is counted in Fairfax County.
- Fairfax County Office of Elections
- The Electoral Board and The General Registrar
Fairfax County Governmental Center
12000 Government Center Parkway, Suite 323
Fairfax, VA 22035
open for business weekdays, 8:00 am – 6:00 pm
Electoral Board, 703.324.4735, FAX: 703.324.4706
General Registrar, 703.222.0776, FAX: 703.324.22057
- The Electoral Board and The General Registrar
- Virginia State Board of Elections
- Suite 101, 200 North 9th Street
Richmond, VA 23219-3485
804.864.8901 Toll Free: 800.552.9745 FAX: 804.371.0194
- Suite 101, 200 North 9th Street
Political signs must comply with local ordinance, Chapter 9.5 of Title 24.2, Code of Virginia, and Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) regulations. No sign shall be erected earlier than 75 days prior to nomination, election or referendum, AND all signs shall be removed within fifteen days after the announced results of the nomination, election or referendum.